What is Orthopedic Surgery and How Does it Help?

Orthopedics happens to be the branch of medical science dealing with problems related to the musculoskeletal system. The human musculoskeletal system comprises of muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, joints, nerves and spine throughout your body.
Absence of musculoskeletal system makes it difficult to carry out activities as basic as walking or standing. Orthopedics comes to your help when something goes wrong with any of the body parts present in the musculoskeletal system. The most commonly affecting musculoskeletal problems are chronic back pain, broken bones, sprains, arthritis and osteoporosis.

What happens in orthopedic surgery?

Orthopedic surgery is usually performed under regional, general or local anesthesia. The surgery process can help treat various ailments such as traction, amputation, hand reconstruction, spinal fusion, and joint replacements.

Treatment process also comprises of strains and sprains, broken bones, as well as dislocations of joint. Your orthopedic surgeon holds broken bones or damaged connective tissue using prosthetics in the form of wires, screws, pins and tongs.

When does one need orthopedic surgery?

You will need an orthopedic surgery in India and Ahmedabad if your body shows the following signs or symptoms:

  • Acute, constant pain lasting for more than a few days
  • Imbalance when standing, walking or simply trying to change positions
  • Restricted or limited motion
  • Constant redness, tenderness, heat, swelling or rigidity in the damaged area
  • Continued fever
  • Pain, difficulty or lack of stamina in doing general activities such as climbing stairs or getting out of a car
  • Joint pain that escalates while resting
  • Lack of recovery post physical therapy

Common procedures involved in orthopedic

Arthroscopy: Your orthopedic doctor may refer an arthroscopy if you have injury, inflammation or any damage in joint. Arthroscopy is most commonly done on the hip, waist, ankle, shoulder, elbow or knee. It’s a minimally invasive treatment process and takes around 30 minutes to two hours, depending on the procedure type being carried out. Arthroscopic surgery is often the most recommended treatment as it brings out effective results by easing joint pain and stiffness in a better way as compared to open surgery. The recovery period post an arthroscopy process is usually less than other methods.

Hip Joint Replacement: When the hip joint gets worn out or damaged, mostly due to arthritis, your orthopedic surgeon will recommend a hip joint replacement. Arthritis breaks down the bone cartilage. In the absence of cartilage, the bones start to rub against each other thus causing immense pain. This requires replacement of hip joint with an artificial, prosthetic implant. A hip joint replacement relieves pain, thereby making your hip joint function better. The process even improves your walk and other bodily movements. Apart from hip arthritis, a hip replacement surgery can even be recommended for other disorders such as tumor growth in the hip joint, fracture in the hip joint. Hip joint replacement can also be used for a health disorder known as avascular necrosis of the hip.

Knee Joint Replacement: A knee replacement is often recommended when your knees have got damaged due to intensifying arthritis, trauma, or any other rare damaging disease of the joint. There are different types of surgeries associated with knee joint replacement in Lucknow and Ahmedabad, of which total knee replacement in Lucknow and Ahmedabad is the most common one. Other types include partial knee replacement, revision knee replacement and kneecap replacement. Partial knee replacement is recommended in the cases where only one side of the knee is affected by arthritis. If due to any reason, a knee replacement surgery fails, the surgeon might recommend a revision knee replacement. Kneecap replacement calls for replacing the under-surface of your kneecap. This type of knee replacement is not recommended much as total knee replacement has better success rates.

How orthopedic surgery helps?

The various treatments that form a part of orthopedic surgery not only help relieve the pain and discomfort caused by damaged bone but even ease muscle functions and allow you to carry out the day-to-day activities smoothly. The treatments are focused on restoring your joint movement with increased flexibility.

As one of the pioneers in cutting - edge orthopedic treatments, Shalby Hospitals Ahmedabad, brings to you the most effective orthopedic surgery in India and Ahmedabad. Over the past years, Shalby has rendered effective medical care to several patients with its specialty in the orthopedic field nationally and internationally. Shalby has emerged as a true global leader in orthopedic care by carrying out thousands of surgeries especially for joint replacements, to help the patients recover from injuries or restore lost function.